Evening shadows creep across the Callejón de Huaylas towards the snow-capped Cordillera Blanca near Huaraz

For 2010 Rutahsa Adventures is offering a very special and unusual excursion to Peru that combines the cultural and scenic wonders of Northern Peru with the world famous attractions of Cusco, the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu, plus our very own trademark cultural event, the fiesta of the Last Inka Suspension Bridge. Wow! What an unbeatable combination of exciting features-- natural, historical, and cultural! [Note: Much of this trip will be at elevations above 10,000 ft; we recommend you consult with your personal physician before signing on.]

As a participant in this excursion you will see parts of this spectacular country that are absolutely fabulous, yet not on such a well-beaten tourist trail as Cusco. You will learn about some of the many cultures that flourished in Peru before the Inkas: the Chavín, the Moche, the Chimú and others...cultures upon which the Inka Empire built and expanded. Then you will go to the heart of the Empire, explore the Inka capital with its overlay of Spanish Colonial trappings and history, travel the length of the beautiful Sacred Valley, and climax the trip with a visit to the sublime Machu Picchu. Along the way you will visit the Last Inka Suspension Bridge, a site seldom seen by outsiders, and participate in the celebration of its annual rebuilding. All this and more...all you have to do is sign on to Rutahsa Adventures' Best of Andean Peru North & South Excursion!

Trip participation will be limited to 24 travelers. If you are interested in participating, request your trip application now!

Here's the itinerary:

DAY 1, Tues. June 1: Arrive Lima. You will be met at the LIM airport and taken to the Casa Andina Centro in Miraflores, one of Lima's better residential and business districts, for overnight.

DAY 2, Weds. June 2: AM: Board our private bus to go with our bilingual guide to visit Lima's excellent Museo de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia, i.e., Museum of Archeology, Anthropology and History, where you will see displays of Peru's many different cultures and some original sculptures taken from some of the sites to be visited on our itinerary. This museum tour will prove invaluable in preparing you for our upcoming visits to the sites of Chavín de Huántar, Huaca de la Luna, Chan Chan, Sipán, and other sites, including, of course, the Inka Empire. You will be amazed at the incredible number of sophisticated cultures that arose along the Peruvian coast and in the Andes long before the Inkas.

PM: Free time. There are shops and other attractions in Miraflores adn greater Lima that you may want to visit. Consult with your guide for suggestions.

For supper, Miraflores offers a variety of good dining spots. For a special dining experience, we recommend the La Rosa Nautica or the Huaca Pucllana. The former is a wonderful rambling wood structure at the end of a pier, so you can dine in elegance, while watching the seabirds and surfers as the waves roll right under you. The latter is an archeological site with a ruined adobe temple-- the huaca-- with a fine restaurant right on the edge of the ruins (which are lit at night). Both restaurants are excellent. Ask the hotel receptionist to call you a cab to go to either of these great restaurants.

Second night at Casa Andina Miraflores. Included meal: B (breakfast)

DAY 3, Thurs. June 3: Today you board your charter bus, with professional driver and bilingual guide, and head north out of Lima, up the coast to visit the ancient site of Caral. This archeological site is not well-known to Peru visitors, but made worldwide news recently when archeologists declared it to be the oldest known true city in the Americas, some 4600 to possibly 5000 years old, according to radiometric dating. This unexpectedly early date is forcing revision of archeological concepts of the development of civilization in South America. The site represents a large (65 hectares, or 160 acres) urban complex of pyramids, sunken plazas, and other constructions. See Caral archeology.

From Caral you will continue on a short distance northwards towards Huaraz, to the town of Barranca where we will overnight at the Hotel Chavín.

Included meals: B, BL (box lunch)

DAY 4, Fri. June 4: After breakfast you continue on northward along the coast for just about 10 km, then turn northeastward, inland, to follow the valley of the Río Fortaleza for 125 km, ascending into the Cordillera Occidental of the Andes to cross a high pass at 4080 m (13,385 ft). From the Fortaleza Pass the highway descends into the valley of the Río Santa to follow this river northward descending to the city of Huaraz at 3091 m (10,141 ft), with beautiful views of the snow-capped Cordillera Blanca along the way.

Just beyond Huaraz city, in the village of Monterrey, is the comfortable Hotel El Patio, home for the next three nights.

Included meals: B, BL

DAY 5, Sat. June 5: The main treat today is the seminal archeological site of Chavín de Huántar. But this will require an early start, as we must backtrack a ways past Huaraz up the valley we descended yesterday, then turn east and cross over the Cordillar Blanca to descend along a road clinging to the mountainside to reach the town of Chavín de Huántar. Lots of wonderful scenic panoramas today!

The archeological site of Chavín de Huántar has given its name to what was long believed to be the oldest major culture in Peru, existing from approximately 1300 to 400 BC. Aside from its antiquity and longevity, the Chavín culture is considered highly important as a sort of "mother culture" due to its strong influence on succeeding cultures throughout northern Peru.

The Chavín people worshipped first and foremost a Feline God, and secondarily condor, snake and human-like deities. [We cat-lovers are glad to see they had their priorities straight!] There is also evidence that hallucinogenic drugs, such as the San Pedro cactus, were part of their religious rituals.

The most important feature at the archeological site is the large building known as the Castillo (castle) with its underground temple (a replica of which is in the Museo de la Nación in Lima). This temple contains the famous carved rock known as the Lanzón de Chavín (Giant Lance of Chavín). To quote from the Lonely Planet guidebook, "It is a thrilling and distinctly mysterious experience to come upon this four-metre-high dagger-like rock stuck into the ground at the intersection of four narrow passages deep within the Castillo." Be sure to bring your own flashlight for this adventure!

After visiting Chavín, you will have lunch and then get en route again back to Huaraz and the Hotel El Patio.

Near our hotel are the well known Baños Termales, natural hot springs baths...and, depending on the hour you arrive today and again from tomorrow's outings, you may find an opportunity for a visit to relax and enjoy the baths.

Included meal: B

DAY 6, Sun. June 6: The city of Huaraz lies in the Callejón de Huaylas, a narrow valley between the Cordillera Negra --the lower, snowless western range crossed en route to Huaraz-- and the eastern Cordillera Blanca --a high, snow-capped range. It is because of this magnificent mountain scenery, replete with glacial lakes, hot springs and numerous archeological sites, that Huaraz is the most important center for climbing, trekking and backpacking in Peru.

Today, you will enjoy some of this splendor with a visit to the lovely turquoise Llanganuco glacial lakes, under the brow of the towering icy Nevado Huascarán (6768 m, 22,204 ft). After enjoying the dramatic and invigorating glacial scenery reminiscent of California's famed Yosemite Valley, you can enjoy your box lunch near one of the beautiful lakes.

After lunch, a hike down an ancient trail (probably an Inka or pre-Inka road) is planned. The trail, which passes through a grove of queñua trees and alongside a rushing glacial meltwater stream, is partly stone paved, characteristic of Inka roads.

The last stop for the day will be at the former site of the city of Yungay, where one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the Andes occurred on May 31, 1970, when an earthquake triggered a massive avalanche and landslide that fell from near the peak of Nevado Huascarán. This huge mass of snow, ice and earth became fluidized and rushed down the valley at extremely high speed (perhaps as high as 300 km/hr), to bury the town of Yungay, some 14 kilometers down-valley. With little or no warning or time to flee, almost all of Yungay's 18,000 inhabitants died. Although the town has been rebuilt in a new location, out of the way of future landslides, the path of the debris flow is still visible, and the original site of Yungay has been declared a national cemetery, marked by memorials, scattered ruins and other reminders of the dramatic tragedy.

With a bit of luck you may witness a lovely peaceful sunset gild the Nevado Huascarán, from whence the deadly avalanche came.

Second night in Hotel El Patio. Included meals: B, BL

DAY 7, Mon. June 7: Today's destination is the major coastal city of Trujillo. To reach Trujillo requires another long drive, but one with much to see en route. A well-maintained gravel road heads west out of Huaraz city to re-cross the Cordillera Negra to descend back to the Pacific coast. The winding way up to the high pass features tremendous views of the snow-capped Cordillera Blanca. The long route down to the coast passes through a wide variety of scenery and ecological zones.

With an early start it should be possible to reach the important archeological site of Sechín in time (around 1 PM) for a late box lunch, but bring along some snacks just in case you get hungry en route.

Sechín features a partially restored stone temple complex, with outer walls decorated by spear-toting warriors and the dismembered bodies of sacrificial victims...heads, arms and legs, torsos, spilled intestines, and so on in gory extravagance, all portrayed in strange cartoon-like carvings. For a better idea of what this little visited site is like, click here: Sechín.

Trujillo lies about three hours drive north of Sechín, following the Pan American Highway. Once in Trujillo you will settle into the 3-star Hotel Los Conquistadores, very close to the Plaza de Armas for tonight and tomorrow night.

Included meals: B, BL

DAY 8, Tues. June 8: Modern Trujillo, founded in colonial times, is situated near the major centers of two famous pre-Columbian cultures, the Moche (pre-Inka) and the Chimú (pre-Inka and contemporaneous with the Inka).

The Moche culture (also called Mochica in older literature) flourished from the first to the eighth centuries AD, forming a kingdom stretching 550 km along the Pacific coast of what is now northern Peru. Their settlements were limited to a series of river valleys, and dependent on a complex system of irrigation canals that made agriculture possible in this arid region. The Moche are best known for their fantastic skill in ceramics-- and you will have already seen stunning examples of this skill in the Museo de la Nación. But here at Trujillo you will see the monumental architecture of their principal temples.

The Moche system of irrigation made possible a food supply that supported a dense population. This, in turn, provided the necessary work force for major projects such as palaces, pyramids and temples. A short distance out of Trujillo you reach the great pyramids of Huaca de la Luna and Huaca del Sol (huaca is the general Andean term for a "sacred place"). This site was the Moche capital around 600 - 400 BC.

The Huaca del Sol, or Pyramid of the Sun, was by some accounts the largest pre-Columbian structure in South America, rising 28 m (92 ft) above the desert floor, with a base covering some five hectares. It was constructed of large adobe bricks, estimated to exceed 130,000,000 in number. This massive construction, like the smaller, but still impressive Huaca de la Luna (Pyramid of the Moon) was built and rebuilt numerous times over the centuries. Each rebuilding was bigger and better than its predecessor, and, in fact, the previous construction was entombed by the newer version. As archeologists have excavated and tunneled into the successive pyramid-temple edifices of Huaca de la Luna, they have discovered the original, highly decorated walls of each previous temple preserved below the later additions. You will have the privilege of viewing elaborate and elegant murals molded in adobe and painted in still vivid red, white, ochre, and black. You will be genuinely astounded, as we were when we first visited this site in 2003.

After visiting the Moche capital, the next destination is Huanchaco Beach where we'll find a restaurant for lunch. Ceviche or other Peruvian seafood specialties are the recommended fare!

At Huanchaco beach you will see caballitos ("little horses"), the traditional reed fishing boats that have been used here since time out of mind. These little boats-- seen depicted in Moche pottery-- are straddled and ridden like horses out into the sea by artesanal fisherman even today.

After lunch, Chan Chan, capital city of the Chimú Kingdom is the final treat for the day. Like the Moche, the Chimú constructed their capital out of adobe. You will visit a partially excavated and restored palace complex named the Tschudi Palace, in honor of the archeologist of that name. The extent of this sprawling, walled compound will amaze you. It contains three ceremonial plazas, rooms for royal hearings, its own water reservoir, a burial platform, and a large number of rooms believed to be for the storage of tribute. But the truly mind-blowing aspect of this palace is that it is only one of nine such huge palace complexes (each today named in honor of an archeologist prominent in Peruvian studies). Apparently the wealth of a Chimú king was not inherited by his successor. Thus, each successive Chimú lord had to build his own palace, and, in all probability, had to extend the kingdom in order to acquire the wealth necessary to build his new digs! [The Inka, who conquered the Chimú kingdom in 1470, adopted and elaborated upon this system of empire-expanding non-inheritance.]

Like the Moche, the Chimú people were highly skilled metallurgists, who produced beautiful works of art in gold and silver. For more on Chan Chan and the Chimú culture, see National Geographic, Mar. 1973, "Chan Chan, Peru's Ancient City of Kings".

Second overnight in the Hotel Los Conquistadores. Included meal: B

DAY 9, Weds. June 9: Today our trip continues up the coast to Chiclayo, an easy drive of just a little over 200 km on good paved highway most the way. En route to Chiclayo a side road leads to the Moche archeological site of Sipán, a rather un-prepossessing site --just another one of the many Moche adobe pyramid sites-- and one that would not be on the itinerary were it not for the incredible discoveries made here in the late 1980s and early 90s. Sipán can justifiably be considered the "King Tut equivalent" for South America. But whereas the fabulous treasure-filled Egyptian burial was that of a single pharoah, here a royal tomb was looted before archeologists arrived on the scene to discover and painstakingly excavate three more spectacular treasure-filled tombs. The saga of the looting, the archeological salvage work, the international black market trade in illicit treasures, and the triumphant discoveries of the three pristine tombs is all told in "Lords of Sipán, A True Story of Pre-Inca Tombs, Archeology and Crime" by Sidney D. Kirkpatrick, highly recommended reading, and a real page-turner! Also see National Geographic, Oct. 1988, "Discovering the New World's Richest Unlooted Tomb" and "Unraveling the Mystery of the Warrior-Priest" (same issue), plus June 1990, "The Moche of Ancient Peru: New Tomb of Royal Splendor".

After a brief site visit, where reconstructions of the three royal tombs can be seen, it's on to Chiclayo for lunch, and of the real highlights of this excursion: you will see the actual treasures from the Sipán burials, now preserved in a world-class museum built especially to display these eye-popping artifacts: the Museo Nacional Tumbas Reales de Sipán (National Museum of the Royal Tombs of Sipán).

The artfully planned museum is entered by walking up a ramp, just as Moche pyramid temples were entered. The displays take you gradually down into the lower levels of the museum through the series of burials unearthed at Sipán in the same order as the archeologists discovered them. This wonderful museum is the main reason for coming to Chiclayo, and you will not forget this experience. N.B.: No cameras of any kind are allowed in this museum.

Your hotel tonight in Chiclayo will be the comfortable Hotel Casa de la Luna. Included meal: B

DAY 10, Thurs. June 10: Today the adventures in northern Peru, come to a close, as we head for the heart of the Inka Empire. You will fly from Chiclayo to Lima, change planes and continue on to Cusco. Hope for a window seat so you can thrill to air views of the magnificent Andean scenery en route.

In Cusco you will be met at the airport and taken to the Casa Andina Cusco Plaza right on the historic Plaza de Armas in the very heart of Cusco.

After checking into the Casa Andina, freshening up, and perhaps having bite to eat, you will have some free time to begin to explore this fascinating and romantic Inka-Spanish city. But take it have just come up from the coast to the high Andes and you need to adjust to the altitude! We recommend you drink some coca tea before walking about, avoid strenuous climbs, and forego alcoholic beverages for a day or two.

Included meal: B

DAY 11, Fri. June 11: AM: After breakfast we will take a short ride out of town to the archeological sites of Tambomachay ("The Bath of the Inka"), Puka Pukara ("The Red Fort"), Qenco (an extremely weird and enigmatic huaca or sacred place), and the mighty fortress of the Sacsayhuaman. This amazing work was built of truly cyclopean stones fitted together with uncanny precision. Unquestionably it is one of the wonders of the world! From atop the fortress we will enjoy a splendid view of the valley of Cusco and the city it once defended. By visiting these sites in the morning we will avoid the larger afternoon crowds.

After a break for lunch, a walking tour of Cusco, the "Navel of the Earth, is next, visiting the most important sites, both Inka and Spanish: the Korikancha (Sun Temple), the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral, and the remains of the palace of the Inka Roca, where you will see a famous icon, the Twelve Cornered stone. Our guide will teach you how to distinguish between Inka walls and Spanish colonial walls built by Inka stonemasons for the conquerers. The Inka stonework fully lives up to its reputation-- it is magnificent!

Second night at Casa Andina Cusco Plaza. Included meal: B

DAY 12, Sat. June 12: Today we will make an early start, as we are going to really get off the beaten path, heading south from Cusco for a couple of hours, then turning west to climb higher into the Andes, to descend around mid-day into the canyon of the Apurímac river. Our goal is a site seldom visited by outsiders: the last authentic Inka suspension bridge, spanning the narrow inner gorge of the Apurímac.

Getting there is part of the fun, as our route crosses rugged terrane, through villages, past isolated traditional family compounds, herds of llamas and alpacas, patchworks of wheat and barley, potatoes, and quinoa. Maybe we'll see the harvest being gathered in the time-honored fashion of the Quechua people. Eventually the road drops into the Apurímac canyon through a spectacular series of curves.

We expect to arrive at our campsite around mid-day. Depending on the time of arrival, we should be able to visit the bridge site and see the construction under way, then have lunch and move into our tents, before returning to the bridge to watch this marvel of native engineering take form.

The suspension bridge, known in Quechua as a keshwa chaca, is made of qqoya grass, a tough Andean bunchgrass, and must be renewed every year. The rebuilding is a three-day community project performed each June. The bridge was first made known to the outside world by explorer/author Loren McIntyre (see McIntyre's fascinating article in the Dec. 1973 issue of National Geographic), and is believed to be the last Inka straw bridge that has been continuously rebuilt since Inka times. It spans the Apurímac where it passes through a narrow, vertically walled canyon. We will be arriving on the final day of bridge construction and hope to see the renewed bridge actually go up. Those brave enough to trust a bridge of straw 60 feet above the swift Apurímac can walk across the bridge.

By arriving mid-day on Saturday, we should be able to witness the laying of the floor and the stringing of the sides, which starts at each end and proceeds towards the middle and finishes with the laying of mats of brush. Once the bridge is finished, it is dedicated by local officials, blessed by a shaman, and opened once again for crossing.

To see a detailed photo album of the keshwa chaca rebuilding and festival, visit The Last Inka Suspension Bridge.

In order to visit this site and attend the folkloric festival celebrating the bridge, we will camp out just downstream from the bridge. with tents, sleeping bags and pads, and meals provided by Inka Natura, our operator for this trip. [Note: You will need to be well-prepared for sleeping in cold weather. Bring flannel or fleece longjohns or other clothing you can layer. Sometimes the nights are mild here, but sometimes they are bitter, and you need to be prepared for the latter, just in case.]

Included meals: B, L, D

DAY 13, Sun. June 13: The bridge was completed yesterday, and today the villagers-- the more than 300 who worked on the bridge, their families, plus hundreds more from other communities-- arrive, many in their finest traje (traditional clothing) to celebrate the renewal of the bridge and the honoring of their ancestors and Pachamama ("Earth Mother") represented by the maintenance for another year of their ancient tradition. The formerly bare mountainsides bloom with a multiplicity of tents, vendors arrive with their wares, and hundreds of Quechua people come streaming in by foot, horseback, truck and bus. The highlight of the festival is a native dance contest by dance groups from many villages in the region. And you will be there to witness this colorful folkloric fiesta!

In addition to being present for the renewal of the bridge and the ensuing party, another special aspect of our trip --and another tradition, though not so ancient as the bridge rebuilding-- is the donation by our group of travelers of school supplies and children's clothing to the communities that maintain the bridge. It is our way of saying muchas gracias to these Quechua people for maintaining their venerable custom of bridge-building, a tradition that has been abandoned elsewhere in Peru.

After lunch, we will, somewhat regretfully, say our goodbyes and leave this amazing place and people, remote in location and in time. We will leave, but we will never forget!

As we return to Cusco there is much to see en route. In addition to the fine Andean scenery there are important sites to visit along the way, including Rumicolca (a pre-Inka aqueduct remodeled by the Inkas to form a massive gateway on the Inka highway to the south), and, time permitting, the enigmatic archeological site of Pikillacta, a pre-Inka city built by the Wari culture.

Once back in Cusco we will settle into our familiar quarters at the Casa Andina again. Included meals: B, BL

DAY 14, Mon. June 14: Our destination today is the Sacred Valley, an intermontane valley of surpassing beauty, once the site of important Inka military outposts, agricultural centers, and imperial estates. We will visit the Inka citadel of Pisac, located in the upper end of the valley. Here, stupendous andenes (agricultural terraces) of the Inkas are still in use today. The site consists of four main areas, including a fortified residential area and a temple complex. The sites sprawl along a narrow ridge and are connected by paved walkways, stairs and tunnels. Walking along trails clinging to cliffs you almost get the feeling you are viewing from a helicopter. One thing for sure you'll know: the Inka people didn't sleep walk (or if they ever did, that gene got weeded out early on!).

After experiencing Pisac, we reboard our bus and head down the Sacred Valley, eating our box lunches as the dramatic scenery rolls by. Arriving at the opposite end of the valley we come to Ollantaytambo, sometimes characterized as a "living Inka town". While the Inka are gone, much Inka construction remains and their descendents live on in the town which is built on the Inka civic plan of canchas, i.e., multifamily dwellings surrounding an open courtyard. We will first visit the impressive ruins of the fortess-temple above the town, then descend to visit the living community.

The fortress-temple at Ollantaytambo was still under construction when the Conquistadors arrived and today's ruins preserve evidence of the construction techniques.

The present-day town of "Ollanta" preserves Incaic walls and narrow paved streets separating the walled canchas. We will enter an original Inka cancha and visit one of the homes to get a glimpse of Quechua lifestyle, including the household cuy (guinea pigs) romping in the kitchen. Ollanta is a good place to see more traditional Andean costume still being worn, and hand-loomed ponchos and other textiles can be purchased here.

Overnight at the delightful Hotel Pakaritampu, one of our very favorite lodgings! Included meals: B, BL

DAY 15, Tues. June 15: After breakfast at the Pakaritampu, we board the train to Machu Picchu. You will take minimal luggage, just what you need for overnight, as your main luggage will be carried back to Cusco for you-- as you continue on to fabled Machu Picchu! The railroad station is just a short walk from the Pakaritampu, and we will board the Vistadome train to travel down the gorge of the Rio Urubamba, passing numerous Inka ruins en route, and marveling at the dramatic scenery. Arriving at Machu Picchu station we will send our luggage to our hotel and then take the bus up the zig-zag "Hiram Bingham Highway" to the legendary sanctuary of Machu Picchu, one of the world's premier arqueological sites, recently voted one of the modern Seven Wonders of the World, and one of those exceedingly rare places where the works of man and nature combine harmoniously to create a place of transcendental beauty. You will taken on a guided introductory tour to the site, then have a buffet lunch at the Sanctuary Lodge.

After lunch you will enjoy free time to explore Machu Picchu on your own. There is so much to see in the main ruins. Don't fail to walk along the staircase paralleling the famous fountains. And a short hike out to the Inka drawbridge is highly recommended. But don't miss the last bus down to the town of Aguas's a long walk back!

Our hotel in Aguas Calientes is the Hatuchay Tower, just next door to the bus stop.

Included meals: B, L

DAY 16, Weds. June 16: Today you have the luxury of a full morning of free time in Machu Picchu. Your second day round trip bus ticket and entry to Machu Picchu are included, and the first bus leaves early-- so you can beat the day-trippers from Cusco and enjoy the sublime ruins without crowds. You'll have all morning and a bit of the early afternoon to explore the fountains, its temples, its royal residence, its amazing agricultural terraces, and innumerable intriguing nooks and crannies. Those who want to experience a bit of the famous Inka Trail can hike up to the Intipunku ("Sun Gate"), about an hour's trek. For active people who do not fear heights, we suggest a climb up to the peak of Huayna Picchu for a breath-taking (literally) view of Machu Picchu far below.

In the afternoon we'll board the train to return to Cusco. Be certain that you check with your guide to know the hour at which you must be back at the hotel to leave with the group for the train station!

Back in Cusco we will return to the Casa Andina Cusco Plaza for a final night. Here you will find the luggage you left in Ollanta awaiting you.

Included meal: B

DAY 17, Thurs. June 17: This morning you should have time for some final sight-seeing and souvenir purchasing before we head for the airport to take the flight back to Lima, where our wonderful trip ends. You will take with you a million memories, lots of photos, and the realization that you must come again-- Peru has so much to offer, and you even though you've seen a lot, there's much more!

Included meal: B

In Lima you can either continue on directly to your international flights home, or overnight again in Miraflores prior to flying out on Friday. Travelers choosing to overnight in Miraflores need only to advise us and we will reserve the necessary services for you (hotel and airport transportation; not included in the trip fee).

Rutahsa Adventures can also arrange pre- or post-trip extensions for travelers who wish to overfly the Nasca Lines, visit the Peruvian Amazon, or go trekking in the Andes. There are plenty of options in this marvelous country.

Write us for details and costs for these trip extensions.

Whichever options you pick, this combination North - South Peru will be a memorable experience in a league all its own!


The 2010 trip cost will depend on the number of participants:

The trip price will include all hotels, ground transportation, park and monument entry fees, services of a bilingual Peruvian Tour Conductor, plus bilingual local guide services as needed, and meals as listed in the itinerary (continental breakfasts at most hotels, box lunches on some days, dinners on some days), plus airport transportation in at LIM and both in and out at CUS.

Not included: air fare U.S.- Lima - U.S., meals not listed as included and beverages, souvenirs, tips, medical, travel insurance or other personal expenses.

If you are interested in this trip, would like to request a trip application, or have any questions about the excursion, e-mail Ric Finch at: Rutahsa Adventures.

Photos on this website by Janie and Ric Finch, @copyrighted.